With the evolving and significant changes happening in the world around the
coronavirus and its impact on commercial insureds, we have received a number of
questions from our clients regarding business income coverage.
Designed to protect a business in the event of an interruption in operations caused
by a physical loss that results in financial downturn, business income coverage
serves to cover the period of time it takes to rebuild, repair or replace damaged
property. Requirements for the coverage to trigger vary across insurance carriers.
Additionally, each state has its own department of insurance that governs what is
acceptable insurance language which can cause variations from state to state.
Most insurance companies policy forms incorporate approved Insurance Services
Office (ISO) policy terms and conditions. Following ISO, the business income
insuring agreement requires a covered cause of loss that causes direct
physical loss of, or damage to, the property at the described premises. The
cause of loss must also cause a necessary interruption of operations that results in
business income loss.
Without a direct physical loss, business income coverage will not be triggered.
There will also not be a period of restoration of property to determine business
In addition to the terms of business income coverage, policies include Exclusion of
Loss Due To Virus or Bacteria (form numbers CP0140 or CP7140), which exclude
commercial property losses resulting from any virus, bacterium or other microorganism
that induces or is capable of inducing physical distress, illness or disease. Form number CP0140 is found on newer Insurance policies. Form number CP7140 appears on older policies. These endorsements have been used since they were issued and filed by ISO several years ago.
With any claim, policy wording and the specific trigger driving losses determine the applicability of coverage. If a formal property business income claim is filed, it will be adjusted on the applicable policy wording and specific details driving the loss. Theodore & Associates is committed to supporting you through the challenges of the coronavirus. We will continue to monitor the evolving situation and work with you through this uncertain time.